"Case No. The situation became especially critical when Hurricane Ella was expected to make landfall in New York during peak hurricane season in September.  Andrews, Gordon C. Canadian Professional Engineering and Geoscience: Practice and Ethics, Fourth Edition. In 1999 the BER had opened the subject to all NSPE members and the results were published in NSPE’s, …discouraging untrue, unfair or exaggerated statements with respect to professional engineering. This makes LeMessurier’s actions unethical according to the utilitarianism theory. ngineers should be truthful with their work and should let decision-makers such as their management decide when and, if necessary, to keep information confidential. The columns would act as stilts raising the building … “LeMessurier compared the velocity of winds the building could withstand with weather data and found that a storm strong enough to topple Citicorp Center … The Citicorp Tower should have been checked for quartering winds because building codes require consideration of the most severe loading case. In the Citicorp situation, providing the public with the truth would have caused the greatest benefit to the most number of people as people would be informed on whether or not to risk to working in the area. http://www.nsbuild.rs/forum/galerija/1135-Svetsko-a-nije-na%C5%A1e?limit=20&start=140. Decisions were being made by both LeMessurier and head officials from Citicorp, who were partially managing the situation. This is further exemplified in the PEO code of ethics where engineers should be “…discouraging untrue, unfair or exaggerated statements with respect to professional engineering .” In essence, engineers should be truthful with their work and should let decision-makers such as their management decide when and, if necessary, to keep information confidential. White lies, according to Kant’s duty based ethics, are not acceptable even if the truth could cause more harm. LeMessurier explained that there was a church on the northwest corner of the site that they had to build around. LeMessurier’s idea permitted each corner of the building to cantilever out 72 feet, which allowed Stubbins to delicately nestle the new church building into the northwest corner of the property while maintaining the use of the entire lot for Citicorp. LeMessurier’s idea permitted each corner of the building to cantilever out 72 feet, which allowed Stubbins to delicately nestle the new church building into the northwest corner of the property while maintaining the use of the entire lot for Citicorp. Public panic could happen, but would likely be reduced since LeMessurier was already working on rectifying the design flaws. During the repair and strengthening operations in the tower many facts were withheld from the public and considered misleading, vague press releases were offered in attempts to cover-up the structure’s inadequacy. PEO. They had 2500 Red Cross volunteers on standby, and three different weather services employed 24/7 to keep an eye on potential windstorms. 98-9: Duty to Report Unsafe Conditions/Client Request for Secrecy." Telling the truth would align with the equality distribution, as described by utilitarianism, because everyone would be treated equally with the same knowledge. This landmark skyscraper was the world’s 9th tallest upon completion, employing several structural innovations: four mid-side trussed columns at the base support the tower, which cantilevers over the city block below; loads are directed to the main columns by 15-story super braces; the world’s first tuned mass damper controls building motion under wind loads. To address this problem, LeMessurier designed a chevron shaped exoskeleton system of giant braces that would redistribute the building’s weight securely down to the stilts. LeMessurier’s actions have been under scrutiny since the scandal became public and there are questions regarding whether his actions were entirely ethical, if he had acted to protect his reputation or the public. This makes LeMessurier’s actions unethical according to the utilitarianism theory. The decision to change welded joints to bolted joints was an important change that should have been considered more carefully. Ella possessed wind speeds that could have reasonably reached the Citicorp Centre’s structural limit though the Citicorp team and LeMessurier refused to release a public statement outlining the potential risks to the public. http://www.nspe.org/resources/pdfs/Ethics/EthicsResources/EthicsCaseSearch/1998/BER98-9-app.pdf, http://www.peo.on.ca/Ethics/code_of_ethics.html, https://ethics.wikia.org/wiki/Citicorp_Fiasco?oldid=4612. The structure was designed by Hugh Stubbins and William LeMessurier was the main consulting engineer on the project, who was very involved in much of the design process too.