März: Aufgrund von innenpolitischen Differenzen und eigenen machtpolitischen Ambitionen verlangt Wilhelm II. Seine Mutter knüpft große Erwartungen an ihren Sohn, soll er doch als Musterprinz zu einem idealen deutschen Kaiser im Sinne englischer Liberalität erzogen werden. Die Kriegsbegeisterung ist unter den Deutschen groß und auch die Zuversicht: an Weihnachten, da war man sich sicher, würde man wieder zuhause sein. You, too, have received your training in accordance with these principles, and by putting them to the test before the enemy, you should see whether they have proved their worth in you. unter dem Einfluss von Okkultisten. Juni: Tod Wilhelms II. Am 27. April 1669 in Altenburg) war Herzog von Sachsen-Altenburg aus der ernestinischen Linie der Wettiner. In 1917, Hindenburg and Ludendorff decided that Bethman-Hollweg was no longer acceptable to them as Chancellor and called upon the Kaiser to appoint somebody else. As a direct consequence, Russia began a general mobilisation to attack Austria in defence of Serbia. und die Okkultisten : Des Königs ungute Geister. The fact that the High Command might one day abandon the Kaiser had been foreseen in December 1897, when Wilhelm had visited Otto von Bismarck for the last time. November: Unterzeichnung der Abdankungsurkunde. President Woodrow Wilson of the United States opposed extradition, arguing that prosecuting Wilhelm would destabilise international order and lose the peace. https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Friedrich_Wilhelm_II._(Sachsen-Altenburg)&oldid=201438782, Wettiner (Ältere Linie Sachsen-Altenburg), Mitglied der Fruchtbringenden Gesellschaft, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Sachsen-Altenburg, Friedrich Wilhelm II. Januar: Friedrich Wilhelm wird als erstes Kind des Prinzen Friedrich Wilhelm von Preußen, später Kaiser Friedrich III., und seiner Frau Viktoria, Princess Royal of England, im Kronprinzenpalais in Berlin geboren. Das Verhältnis zwischen Mutter und Sohn wird immer sehr problematisch bleiben. For the remaining twenty years of his life, he entertained guests (often of some standing) and kept himself updated on events in Europe. For most of his life before becoming emperor, he was second in line to succeed his grandfather Wilhelm I on the German and Prussian thrones after his father, Frederick. Farewell, comrades![41][42]. Accepting the reality that he had lost both of his crowns for good, he gave up his rights to "the throne of Prussia and to the German Imperial throne connected therewith." He was the first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and one of the two grandchildren born in Albert's lifetime, but more importantly, the first son of the crown prince of Prussia. Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert; 27 January 1859 – 4 June 1941), anglicised as William II, was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia. von Preußen (1744-1797), Recipients of the Order of the Black Eagle, Prussian people of the Kościuszko Uprising, Honorary Members of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Luise Amalie von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1722-1780), Elisabeth Christine Ulrike von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1746-1840), Friederike Luise von Hessen-Darmstadt (1751-1805), Julie Amalie Elisabeth von Voß (1766-1789), Sophie Juliane Friederike von Dönhoff (1768-1838), Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1763-1827), Friedrich Wilhelm III. "[50] The effect in Germany was quite significant, with serious calls for his abdication. He is completely lost to our family". Zur Niederschlagung des Boxeraufstands in China hält Wilhelm II. The final split between monarch and statesman occurred soon after an attempt by Bismarck to implement a far-reaching anti-Socialist law in early 1890.[15]. As the eldest grandchild of Queen Victoria, Wilhelm's first cousins included George V of the United Kingdom and many princesses who, along with Wilhelm's sister Sophia, became European consorts. ist reaktionär, entwickelt früh eine Leidenschaft für alles Militärische und als Kaiser ist er sogar oberster Kriegsherr. The torments inflicted on me, in this pony riding, must be attributed to my mother."[7]. Early conflicts between Wilhelm II and his chancellor soon poisoned the relationship between the two men. Bismarck told an aide, "That young man wants war with Russia, and would like to draw his sword straight away if he could. [66] The Kaiser's support collapsed completely in October–November 1918 in the army, in the civilian government, and in German public opinion, as President Woodrow Wilson made clear that the Kaiser could no longer be a party to peace negotiations. Eine strenge Erziehung und körperliche Torturen quälen den Jungen. Wilhelm resisted attempts by his parents, especially his mother, to educate him in a spirit of British liberalism. [75], Wilhelm first settled in Amerongen, where on 28 November he issued a belated statement of abdication from both the Prussian and imperial thrones, thus formally ending the Hohenzollerns' 500-year rule over Prussia. Subsequently, Bismarck had predicted accurately: Jena came twenty years after the death of Frederick the Great; the crash will come twenty years after my departure if things go on like this.[72].