Disclaimer 9. It caters to the local needs and decides all local issues with the regular and active involvement of the local people and their local representatives. Art 55(3) declares: “Human and civil rights and freedoms may be restricted by the federal law only to the extent required for the protection of the fundamentals of the constitutional system (as laid down in Chapter 1), morality, health, rights and lawful interests of the persons, for ensuring the defence of the country and the security of the state.”. The Constitution of Russian Federation is a written adopted and enacted constitution. It shows how this constitution contributed to the rise of a super-presidential system in Russia by providing a statutory legitimacy to the excessive powers of the president. Article 10 declares: “The bodies of legislative, executive and judicial powers shall be independent.” It ensures the presence of an independent Judiciary. The procedure for amending the Constitution is outlined in Chapter Nine. The legislature is the Federal Assembly of Russia, which consists of two chambers: the State Duma (the lower house) and the Federation Council (the upper house). Of all registered voters, 54.8 % (or 58,187,755 people) participated in the referendum. Instead, he served as Prime Minister while Dmitry Medvedev served as president for four years. The text was inspired by Mikhail Speransky's constitutional project and the current French constitution.[1]. The Prosecutor General is appointed by the President upon the nomination made by the Federation Council. Thus, the constitution provides for a federation and gives due respect to the autonomy of the units (Subjects) of the Russian Federation. It grants and guarantees equality to all citizens, all nationalities and all Subjects of the Russian Federation. Prosecutors of Subjects of Russian Federation are appointed by the Prosecutor General in consultation with the government of the Subjects. Report a Violation, Jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, Powers and Functions of the President of Russia. The Dangers of Popular Constitution-Making, Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Volume 38, 193-238 (2012). In, http://carnegieendowment.org/2001/01/09/is-there-separation-of-powers-in-russia/a8ov, http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-01.htm, School of International Studies, Centre for Russian and Central Asian Studies, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5299-6_2, Political Science and International Studies, Political Science and International Studies (R0). All those laws which were in any way in conflict with the new constitution were also declared invalid. The present constitution creates a truly pluralistic constitutional system with a true spirit of liberal democracy writ large on all its pages. Incorporation of this Article was essential to make a complete break from the past. It also recognizes and grants protection to human rights of all. The Constitution of the Russian Federation was specially drafted, passed, enacted and adopted by the people of the Russian Federation. It shows how this constitution contributed to the rise of a super-presidential system in Russia by providing a statutory … Cite as. Especially on human rights and fundamental freedoms, the Constitution provides for human rights and freedoms of citizens according to the universally recognised principles and norms of international law as well as to their listing in the Constitution. In case the Federation Council rejects a law within 14 days, the two chambers can set up a conciliatory commission for settling the differences. The Constitution in its Article 55 also lays down: “The listing of the basic rights and liberties in the constitution of Russian Federation shall not be interpreted as the denial or belittlement of the other commonly recognized human and citizens rights and liberties.” In other words, it gives recognition to natural human rights of man. Not logged in The discussion ends with analyzing the political implication of a skewed constitution. It consists of two parts (1) Section A consisting of 137 Articles and (2) Second Part containing 9 Articles covering Concluding and Transitional Provisions. In its Chapter 2, the Constitution of the Russian Federation grants and guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms to all its people. [3] (It affirms that the listing in the Constitution of the Russian Federation of the fundamental rights and freedoms shall not be interpreted as a rejection and derogation of other universally recognised human rights and freedoms. The text was drafted by the 1993 Constitutional Conference, which was attended by over 800 participants. Other changes are recognition of Russia as a successor to the Soviet Union in relationship to international organizations, treaties, and assets of the USSR stipulated by international treaties outside the territory Russian Federation, banning ceding Russian territory, diminishing the accomplishments by the "defenders of the fatherland" and their role in World War II is no longer allowed, and enshrining God and heterosexual marriage in the constitution. The Constitution of the Russian Federation is a republican constitution. The Constitution of the Russian Federation affects a separation between the legislative, executive and judicial branches of the Government.